Monasterio del Escorial
The Royal Site of San Lorenzo de El Escorial , commonly known as El Escorial , is a historical residence of the King of Spain, in the town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, about 45 kilometres northwest of the capital, Madrid, in Spain. It is one of the Spanish royal sites and functions as a monastery, basilica, royal palace, pantheon, library, museum, university and hospital. It was built by Filipe II de España, I de Portugal.
On November 1984, UNESCO declared The Royal Seat of San Lorenzo of El Escorial a World Heritage Site.